Role of Sewer Utilities
Residential, commercial and industrial premises un various activities that require water and removal of wastewater hence water and sewer utilities are very important. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. The water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipes to avoid contamination of the potable water in case there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. The sewage usually comprises all the wastewater from all residential, commercial and industrial premises in an area. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. Waste water one treated in a treatment plant to remove all pollutants is releases into the environment where it can be used in many ways. In most places, the users of the sewer utilities are required to pay for the services which happen as they pay for the water utilities. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
Septic tanks are also a type of sewer utilities that are commonly used in areas where the area is nor connected to the municipal sewer utilities. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. Septic tanks have microorganisms that help in treating waste water disposed in them. Use of septic tanks requires that one takes some precautionary measure to ensure that it runs smoothly. These measure ensure that microorganism are no damaged and also the septic tanks such as preventing release of excessive oils and harmful chemicals. Regulations require septic tanks to be placed beneath the ground surface and one should ensure that they do not leak nor release odors into the environment. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.