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The Butterfly Koi and How to Care for It

Butterfly koi are colorful ornamental fish with patterned scales and long, flowing fins. They’re actually hybrids of the typical koi fish and carp, although they are often mistaken for goldfish.

With their length – a maximum of 36 inches – they need spacious ponds to survive.The type of outdoor pond needed by butterfly koi depends on the environment. They normally thrive in temperatures between 32 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Large Japanese koi are often found in mud ponds, but experts advise against drilling a hole outside and filling it to make a simple pond, as the water cannot remain clear due to soil and planktonic algae.

It’s not enough to have filler systems, so mud ponds should come with a drainage system to take out the impurities. Maintaining the pond means it should be completely drained and cleaned regularly. Butterfly koi need a lot of space to swim and spread their fins. Ponds have to be clean and filtered, and liners help them stay this way.

In-ground ponds come with liners that make sure the soil is kept away from the water. Depending on the shape or evenness of the surface, liners can be flexible or rigid. Steel-meshed concrete or prefabrigated fiberglass sealed with polyurethane is the material used to make liners.

Another good home for butterfly koi are above-ground ponds placed on a level surface. Prefab ornament ponds, often made of plastic, wood, concrete or fiberglass, can be placed on backyard decks and cement surfaces.

Plastic or wood may be used to make smaller kits. Wherever you choose to put your pond, ensure that the surface can support the container with water (one gallon weighs 8 pounds).

Pond Maintenance

For butterfly koi, too much aquatic vegetation and other fish can be stressful, so it’s a must that your ponds are kept clean and well-aerated. The ideal pH balance range for these kois is 6.8 to 7.2, and this must be constant. A well-balanced pond helps stop the growth of algae, especially where there are aquatic plants.

To remove excess phosphates and nitrates in the water and restore the pond’s ecological balance, organic materials such as barley straw and salts may be added. To maintain consistency through the process, the filters should be cleaned twice a month and water temperature must be monitored. To keep water aerated and circulating, it helps to add a waterfall or fountain. Water temperature must be maintained between 65 and 75 F, though 32 to 95 degrees is okay as long as fluctuations aren’t drastic.

Butterfly Koi Care

First off, pond water has to be well-aerated. The pump should also be kept clean so that water can circulate. Finally, because plants draw oxygen, it is good to reduce the vegetation so that the water is rejuvenated.